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Thoracic Spine Operations:

The Surgical Approaches to

Mid - & Upper Back Problems

Chapter 17

1) Thoracic Endoscopy
2) Repair of a Fractured Vertebra with a Thoracic Plate
The upper back or thoracic region requires a special set of techniques for spine surgery and may only be offered by sub-specialists. The surgeon needs to work around the lungs, heart and large blood vessels.