Trulli

Aaron Filler, MD, PhD
FRCS (SN)

Trulli Trulli

Oxford University
Press On-Line

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Thoracic Endoscopy

Thoracic Spine Operations:
The Surgical Approaches to
Mid - & Upper Back Problems

Chapter 17

Endoscopy for Access to the
Thoracic Vertebrae and Disks

17-1-Thor-Endoscop

Many types of surgeries in the thoracic region of the spine can be done using endoscopic tools. This means that the instruments and a small video camera are introduced through small portals placed through  the skin. The surgeon watches on a video screen while using the surgical  instruments. Illustration with permission of Neurosurgery, 51 S2:79-83,  2002.

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